A dental surgery, such as a tooth extraction, a gum graft or an implant placement may sometimes be necessary to maintain a good oral health.
The extraction of a tooth is required when it is impossible to restore it otherwise. A cavity, a fracture, a loosening and an abscess are some reasons that could require an extraction.
The consequences of an extraction:
- The surrounding teeth will move toward the space, often creating non-ideal forces;
- Food can accumulate in the spaces and creates bacteria that could lead to cavities or gum diseases;
- Loosening of surrounding teeth;
- Supra-eruption of opposing teeth;
- Premature wear of remaining teeth;
- Loss of bone structure.
An orthodontist can also require to extract some teeth to create some space for an orthodontic treatment. A child could need an extraction of primary teeth if they don’t fall in a normal time frame so that the adult teeth can erupt at the right moment.
The privileged treatment to replace an extracted tooth is an implant. The dental implant is the treatment that is the closest to a natural tooth. There are also other alternatives to replace a missing tooth. For example, the installation of a bridge or a removable denture.
The wisdom teeth grow at the beginning of adulthood and can be evaluated with a panoramic x-ray. You should never wait to have symptoms before thinking of extracting them. We can guide you to know when is the best time to proceed, if necessary, with the extraction.
Reasons that require the extraction of wisdom teeth:
- Difficulty cleaning them adequately which could cause the accumulation of bacteria, form cavities and infections;
- Lack of space;
- Malposition of the teeth;
- Pain or infection.
The extraction of wisdom teeth is a more complex intervention. This is why we refer our patient to a surgeon-dentist that comes to our clinic every two months or to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon of the region.
An implant is used to replace one or many missing teeth. This is often the best option to regain the aesthetic and function of natural teeth.
The advantages of that treatment are:
- Solidity of the restoration;
- Durability of the implant;
- Restore full chewing ability;
- Natural result, comfortable and aesthetic.
To keep the implant for a long time, you need good oral hygiene at home and frequent follow ups with your dentist.
Each case is different and a deep analysis will determine if the treatment is ideal for you.
The implant placement is made by a surgeon-dentist that comes to our clinic several times per year or by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon of the region.
A final restoration will be installed at the end on the implant: either a crown, a bridge or a denture.
A gum graft is a minor surgical procedure recovering a part of the gum to prevent the loosening of the tooth. The gingival recession of the attached gum can be caused by a malposition of the teeth, following an orthodontic treatment, periodontal disease, bad hygiene or excessive pressure. The lack of gum makes the tooth more fragile, hard to clean and could create bone loss which could make the teeth mobile.
Multiple types of graft can be made. During a consultation, the surgeon will be able to suggest the best option for you.