We are qualified to prevent and treat periodontal disease. Often without symptoms, the disease can be the cause of many problems if not well maintained.
Gum disease (periodontal disease):
Periodontal diseases are the main oral problem in adult. It is an inflammation of the gum caused by the accumulation of biofilm and tartar.
The first stage is gingivitis. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, without damage to the support bone. It is reversable with a good daily brushing and the use of dental floss.
When the inflammation spreads and reaches the bone, the disease progresses at a more advanced stage and transform into periodontitis, which consist in the inflammation of the support tissues including the gum and bone.
With time, the biofilm calcifies and transforms into tartar, a hard-grainy substance that cannot be removed by a toothbrush nor flossing but requires scaling at the dentist.
That biofilm is harmful because it leads to an inflammatory reaction. If the disease progresses without treatment, the consequences may be harmful and lead to the loss of one or many teeth as well as infections such as abscesses.
Some factors increase the risk of having a periodontitis: heredity, smoking as well as poor dental hygiene.
Furthermore, some studies show the link between periodontal diseases and diabetes, respiratory diseases, premature birth and cardiovascular disease.
It is important to have regular appointments so we can intercept the symptoms and treat the periodontitis, if necessary. The periodontitis often goes unnoticed by the patient when it’s in the early stages.
The more the disease is advanced, the more the patient can observe these symptoms:
- Redness and swelling of the gum;
- Bad breath;
- Retraction of the gums;